Tasmania Chinese Business Association – TCBA

1378318 591615790900770 170903443 n 原始大小 300x191 Tasmania Chinese Business Association   TCBA Let's continue the earliest Tasmania Chinese story,of course we have more amazing pictures:
In 1871, according to census figures, there were only an estimated 13 Chinese in the whole of Tasmania but, by 1881, there were 844, of whom 770 we…re recorded as living on the tinfields of the North East.
Many Chinese like Maa Mon Chin, James Chung-Gon, James Ah Catt, Him Shim, Ah Moy and Chin Tock came to Tasmania via the goldfields of Victoria.   At a time when the other Colonies were closing their mining fields to the Chinese, and alluvial gold resources were declining, the lack of restrictions on the tinfields would have attracted many Chinese.
Some Chinese came directly from China to avoid the entry tax which all the other Colonies had imposed by 1881, many being imported by entrepreneurial clansmen, such as Chin Kaw, others were brought in, especially during the early years, as a cheap reliable workforce by European mine-owners, who were concerned by their economic viability of tin mining in the rugged North East, where transport problems and high costs sent many early companies into liquidation.
The lack of adequate transportation systems was an important factor in the developmental struggles of the region.   Tin ore had to be carted by pack horse to Boobyalla and shipped to Launceston for treatment.   Machinery for the mines was dragged in by bullock and horse teams over bush roads which were little more than deep bog holes in many places.    Agitation for roads and railway began in the early 1860's and continued for many decades.      
The first railway line was finally opened on 9th August,1889, connecting Scottsdale  to Launceston.   This was extended to Branxholm on 12 July, 1911 and Herrick in 1919.
Unlike the majority of Chinese immigrants arriving in the 1870's and 1880's, the first Chinese were mainly skilled labourers and small businessmen.    Most Chinese were sojourners and stayed only long enough to make their fortunes (5-20 years) never intending to make this country home.   The main influx of Chinese began in the late1870's to work the tin fields of the North East.   The early history of the Tasmanian Chinese is closely tied to the fluctuating fortunes of this industry.   Gold was also an important lure, particularly in the early days, but never employed large numbers of Chinese for very long.
Note: The picture is the view of a township north west coast Tasmania

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